Tuesday, December 19, 2006


Fred Collopy is our lead this afternoon.

I-Open supports open spaces for the great stories entrepreneurs have to tell.

Len Steinbach
Bob Schmidt
Kevin Cronin - Bikes and Theater
Bob Sopko

Herbert Simon - award winning economist at Carnegie Mellon who contributed in diverse areas across the University. His passion and love was about business education. he was curious to understand how business cross connects with many disciplines. Herbert's work interests and guides Fred's work extensively.

Anyone who designs in any domain has strong connections.

How do we learn about design? How does it work and how does it affect our ability to make decisions?

Fred has desinged several different formats for design from a Desk Organizer to forecasting.

Musical instruments as a design domain: music-making requires both musicians and listeners to function at the limits of theie cognintive capabilties.


Lessons from the Moog's design: Trevor Pinch and Frank Trocco, Analog Days: The Invetion and Impact of the Moog Synthesizer, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press 2002 Go here.

Dimensionality of visual space: Fred has vbeen working on the limitations of visual space versus the sonic space musicians work in. Note: we need to treat light, form, and movement as sound has already been treated. Adrian Klein, 1930

Brian Eno: here.

Results in taking ideas from absttact expressionists and building on those ideas with an element of motion and then interacting with musicians live....Blue Glass

Sample - visual "Blue Glass" From Fred's website Rhythmic Light....'Blue Glass' is the interpretation of a studio jam by Irish-American fiddler Eileen Ivers and her band. The visual interpretation focuses on the transition from simple rhythms to the more dynamic percussive events that characterizes the piece's development. Lisa Lehman collaborated with me on the development of the visuals for this piece. One of the things we were doing with it was exploring color. Though we were unaware of the Chromatek 3D glasses while we were developing this piece, many people have commented that they enjoy the subtle depth changes the glasses produce on this piece. "

In Amsterdam, a conference presented a few years ago, connected visual artisits and musicians in the evening with lectures and historical information presented during the day. Fred was paired with an unlikely partner in hard core rock. Ultimately, both were taken out of their comfort zone and into a new collaborative area of visualization. (!) You can play Sonic Light here.

VJ's (in this environment of light and sound) are analogous to DJ's. Do sampling and sequencing versus synthesizing.

How do we leverate this information for business development? Task: Bankruptcy prediction

Data from NS Umanath & I Vessey 1194

Management representations were developed in 1786 - line graphs, pie charts are the most advanced representations of business still today.

Fred and Richard Boland started with the cycle model of a firm/entity activities. Can we represent the history of a company wiithout using (eventually...) numbers? Julia Grant integrated quarterly financial data. The visualization has evolved...this was developed to find a solution for how healthy a company may or may not be. This is the block for the fundamental unit of viewing an entire company with thousands of groups simulating business activity. When tested with younger CEO's the simulation was widely prefered.

Tuesday, December 12, 2006


Dr.'s Jeffrey and Lee Ponsky lead this afternoon's forum about innovation taking place in the health care industry.

When Robots Become Surgeons

Lee Ponsky provides a glimpse of where surgery has been and where it is going.

The Institute of Surgery Innovations (ISI) is a new Center to provide an opportunity to exchange information about applications in new technologies.

In the past, the theory was, the bigger the incision the better. Now, the theory is to be less invasive - this was promoted by gynecological, arthroscopic and other areas of surgery which generated the laproscopic Olympics: there is little we do laproscopically. Even kidneys are removed laproscopically.

It is important to consider innovations and the relationship to what is the advantage for patients.

There are two perspectives that must be considered:

1) The physician's perspective: focused on the aliment, which may not be the perspective of the
2) Patient, who may not have the physician's considerations in mind but other priorities.

Laparoscopic surgery involves only a couple of tiny incisions.

Robotic surgery is something that has been talked about for quite some time. Often today, the surgeon sits at a separate counsel with 3D visualization guiding the robot activity.

The robot gives 6 degrees of freedom to do the fine stitching that is necessary.

Da Vinci Surgical System robot is the mechanism used. You can read more about it here and the company Intuitive surgical here.

Applications for distance surgery are in place.

New technologies:
Cryotherapy - freezes tumors with nearly no invasion
Radio frequency ablation
High intensity focused ultrasound

Cryotherapy: High intensity ultrasound - destroys tissues within extreme close and precise. Surgery requires ultra high sound waves to destroy specific tissue; because of the level of precision, we can preserve tissues and nerves.

What is in the future?

ViaCath System is a portable device that expands endoVia Medical's software and robotic technology platform. The compact system, which includes a user interface and instrument control platform, allows the endoscopist or surgeon to precisely manipulate catheter instruments deep inside the patient.

Battlefield robotic applications can assess and treat remotely. You can read more here.

Tele-robotic rounding allows a resident/physican to visit patients remotely. Once the robot enters the door, a barcode of informaiton is read and uploaded.

You can read about telerobotic surgery here.

Non-invasive surgery - "Novalis" - allows the ability to treat patients without any invasion at all. Currently, use laser treatment revolutionizing the ability to treat kidney stones and may be used for tumors in the future. Read more about shaped beam surgery here. The division of laser beams can be pin pointed to exact locations to deliver heat or radiation.

Jeffery Ponsky: Surgery of the Future

Here are three evolving areas of surgery today:

The Medical Image Group practices image guided surgery.
Endoluminal - the University of Virginia practices endoluminal repair of aneurysms. Read more here.
Transluminal surgery technique is used in cardiac treatment. You can read more here.

Surgeon's have been exploring non-invasive surgery for a long time. Their performance has been hindered by the inability to provide the support team needed in surgery. With the technological advance of coupling the video camera to the surgery taking place, immediately others could support the surgeon and approach could be leveraged.

Areas of evolution

A sewing machine can devise stapling

Where are we going in the future?

There is a need to develop a system of tools to accelerate new techniques.

This has caused tremendous debate - how do you practice and train? The approach of "See One, Do One, Teach One" no longer works. The way we have taught in the past no longer works.

How will we train people for the future to do this? The VA has a simulator for training and this is a new way of learning.

How will you train? Through simulations, then on to animals, then on to patients.

Innovative therapy - modification of the existing technique.

Surgeons must look at many different implications for human cases.

If you are not living on the edge you are taking up too much space!

Surgical education needs to change.

What drives you to do what you do?

Since the laproscopic (removal of the gall bladder) and the advent of the stones crusher...the technology makes a huge difference in how events take place. New energy sources are used.

People have started to use their imaginations. When new courses are offered for training, courses fill up immediately.

Most of the talks with industry -

Leverage the simulation opportunities to accelerate innovations.

The medical community is just beginning to realize the benefits of collaborations.

The Center for Advanced Surgical and Interventional Technology studies haptic feedback for surgery in robotics. You can read more here.

Tuesday, December 05, 2006


Bob Sopko, Strategic Technology Alliance (STA) collaborate on purchasing and leverage assets as a community and technology at Case Western Reserve.

Today's leaders are the team at Meet The Bloggers: George Nemeth, Gloria Ferris, Tim Ferris

Mathew Book, Studio of Five Rings an arts/winery based gallery looking for ways to work collaboratively in art and winery. Art show up to Jan 6.

That Blogs arise out of necessity. To address a lack of access to mainstream media and communications. Weblog was first used in 1997. Tim and Glore experimented with blogging and its affect on their ability to communicate with the public.

Meet The Blogggers was started with Bill Callahan, ....at the time of the Mayoral race, minor candidates had no access to media. The group wanted to provide information out about the candidates earlier and to explore unanswered questions. Each person brings a different and multiple perspectives; contrasting to mainstream media which may offer a limited number of viewpoints and may be published unsigned.

Through conversations and connectivity of the Blogging community the extremes of the blogging community can often align with synergy. Materials, now that there is a year and one half history, are often referred to.

Candidates that may be interviewed ask for a list of questions....may set guidelines for what is to be discussed....

George has identified about 500 Blogs in NEO.

Anyone who posts on the Internet should consider all information as public. The Creative License is the appropriate

Dr. John Green, for example, thinks that within 8 years there will be a political third party because of the Internet.

There is a huge number of people who have wonderful ideas but not access, not controlled by one or a small number of controlling managers.

This is like the printing presses - but it morphs, moves quickly and evolves.

The Blogging community is trying to avoid the financial dependence that newspapers are limited by. This is an evolving platform that becomes whatever it is. Zen like.

Since the beginning of Meet The Bloggers, the group has been capturing images. You can zero in on the culture here.

George: People will listen for about 10 minutes.

The You Tube phenomena is fascinating and this is a format, interwoven with the other formats that can be interconnected.

Here's a summary - Like to collaborate with other multimedia bloggers. Would like to distribute more widely - Live CD runs exclusive to the hard drive. This platform provides the speed and scale for others to practice the interviews too.

How can a platform, ultimately, be leveraged in new ways to support large change?

How can Meet The Bloggers (and blogging in general) be leveraged as a research mechanism? Chalep Hill NC community set up rules and guidelines for their blogging community. Here.

The issue is in the mangagement of huge quantities of information. This is where the value is now. From dated information to data to knowledge. The closer you get to the pinacle the higher the value.

Bob Sopko listened to a MTB interview with Dennis Althur. Go here.